flood model
layers formed after eruption of Mt. St. Helens
layers formed after eruption of Mt. St. Helens
Structure of the Ark
Structure of the Ark
Forming of strata by water
Forming of strata by water
The deluge (John Martin, 1834)
The deluge (John Martin, 1834)
Northern icesheet
Northern icesheet

Flood models

If there really was a worldwide flood, it's a good thing to think about it's impact (which strata were formed by it) and about the processes involved.

It seems logical to take into account cosmic events, like the impact of meteorites and/or comets. Even high age  geologists generally assume the impact of at least one large meteorite (on land) and a comet (in the sea).

A worldwide flood

Many observations support the idea of a global flood being reponsible for most strata. Most strat were formed under water and we know that strata clusters can be formed very quickly - like after the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980. 

Flood geologists have suggested different models and it's not easy to decide which is the right one - the scale is so much larger than what we are familiar with. We also cannot be sure which strata were formed during the Flood and which are from a later date (catastrophes). So let's be modest about it!

One example

Out the different flood models I take one example. Some consider this one as the best. So maybe something like the following happened:

  1. A cosmic event causing an impact of a meteorite and/or a comet
  2. Mega-tsunamis, a rising seabed (ruptured by the impacts) and sinking continents cause a major flooding
  3. Torrential rains, also caused by heated up oceans, cause landslides
  4. Whole ecosystems get uprooted and deposited elsewhere
  5. The lower the ecosystem (deep sea, coast underwater, coastline, lower slopes, etcetera) the lower it gets into the deposits
  6. The thickness of the layers causes high pressures > quick forming of fossils and coal and oil strata
  7. Cooling down of the seabed changes the balance again: new mountain ranges and very deep oceanic trenches are formed
  8. Continent drift could be the result of the quick gelogical processes involved (including volcanic eruptions)
  9. An ice age follows because of the warm oceans and cold poles (compare what happens if you open the freezing compartment of your fridge for a time).


  1. Wikipedia on Flood geology and Polystrate trees
  2. Articles about Flood geology
  3. About: floating forests, or download: floating forest 1 and floating forest 2.
  4. About: radiometric dating
  5. About maybe the best flood model
  6. Read: Rapidly forming oil supports Flood timeframe
  7. Read: Black rocks Red-Flag uniformitarion laws
  8. Geomorphology provides evidence for global flood
  9. How did plants and animals spread after the flood?
  10. Was there a post-flood race for survival?
  11. Five challenges to creationist geology.
  12. For more Dutch links go to: 'vloedmodel'